End to end web development using JavaScript frameworks

Web programming is a task that takes years to truly understand provided you get expert guidance. Programmers require basic understanding of many topics, including networking, protocols, security, databases, client-side development, and server-side development, along with many other concepts and coding skills using programming languages.

Client-side/Front-end development requires an understanding of three languages: HTML for markup, CSS for styling and JavaScript for functionality. Front-end development is handled more or less using these three (HTML, CSS, and JS) languages. But there are n number of server side languages like Java, PHP, Perl, C#, VB, and lots of other languages. Most of web applications also utilize a database for data persistence, and communicating with a database requires developers to also understand SQL. And the server side may use multiple languages as per the requirements, availability and convenience. Developers need to understand at least five or six separate languages to create a simple app, and that's without considering the data interchange format used for client-server communication. The x in Ajax stands for XML. Many web applications use JSON now days and this is another layer that developers must understand.

Developers must know the syntax and quirks of HTML, CSS, and SQL, even though they aren't strictly considered programming languages. Completely understanding all these languages and constantly context switching between them is a daunting task. If you've ever attempted this, you have likely mixed up syntax on multiple occasions.

Front-end and back-end development specialization was the outcome of this situation. Even this approach of development doesn't always ensure that projects are completed faster or with higher quality. In fact, it often results in more back and forth, debates, and programmers who are less knowledgeable about a project's big picture. There was a very clear-cut need for a language to be used across the entire development stack. JavaScript grew into the role of a full-stack language in a way that no other language could.

The Rise of Full-stack JavaScript

JavaScript has been the de facto standard for client-side scripting since long. Modern JavaScript engines are highly optimized pieces of software whose performance is far beyond anything of the original JavaScript interpreters. On the client-side, JavaScript sees not much of competition in the near future, as it's the only language supported by every major browser. Couple that with overall improvements in computing, and the result is a language that is suitable for just about any general-purpose computing task.


Node.js is a framework built on top of JavaScript engine used in Chrome. Node made JavaScript a viable alternative for server-side programming. Additionally, Node provided a full system JavaScript API that was never really achieved before due to the sandboxed environment that browsers provide. With the advent of Node, JavaScript developers could access the file system, open network sockets, and spawn child processes.

Express JS

Express is a minimal and flexible Node.js web application framework that provides a robust set of features for web and mobile applications.It provides a thin layer of fundamental web application features,It is certainly easier to learn Node if you have past experience with JavaScript. The primary use of Express is to provide server-side logic for web and mobile applications, and as such it's used all over the place.It is a lightweight package that does not obscure the core Node.


MongoDB is an open source NoSQL database management program.NoSQL databases are quite useful for working with large sets of distributed data. It's document-oriented model can be used with many programming languages to meet the complex development requirements of modern apps. As a document database, it is easy for developers to store structured or unstructured data.MongoDB offers faster query processing.

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End to end web development turned possible using JS frameworks as JavaScript jumped out of the browser and started talking direct to the Server/OS. The advent of Node.js fueled the usage of related frameworks as it made web development much simpler. Angular.js, Ember.js, Sails.js, and Node.js are some of the most popular JavaScript MVC frameworks used of web application development. All these frameworks have multiple outstanding features which have resulted in making it so popular.

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